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点击标题下「MichaelChen」可快速关注加州居民身份的建立与本州学费大部分国人移民美国后选择加州作为起步,或安排子女在加州上学和购房

下面就讲讲加州居民身份的建立与享受本州低学费待遇的关系,相信这是一个大家普遍关心的问题

要建立加州居民身份,必须满足以下条件:一、允许移民身份允许成为加州居民的身份包括:1. 美国公民; 2. 永久居民(即绿卡持有者)或其他移民身份获得者(非移民身份除外); 3. 部分非移民身份的外国人,这类非移民身份包括有效的A、E、G、H1、H4、I、K、L、 O1、O3、R或V非移民签证

注意F类学生签证不符合规定,因为学生签证持有者不能有移民倾向,这点有过签证经验的同学们都知道

参议院最近提出的移民改革方案建议允许F类学生签证申请者有移民倾向,如果这条建议通过的话,留学生就有资格在美国建立永久住所了

二、在加州“实际居住”在要求被确定为加州居民时,必须实际在加州居住已超过一年(366天或以上)

注意,学校一般会设定一些日期,比如为下一学期享受加州居民学费,必须在某一截止日期前申报、必须在某一日期(居民身份决定日)前满足366天的要求等

“有意愿”成为或保持为加州居民仅以上学为目的在加州居住的,不管居住多长时间,都不能确立加州居民身份

评估“有意愿”这个要素是独立于“实际居住”这个要素的,你要证明你建立了与加州的紧密联系,并放弃、解除了与原居住地的紧密联系

“有意愿”把加州作为你的永久居所的证明方式(一般要提供至少两个,如果你想作为加州居民享受本州学费,就应在搬到加州后立刻准备这些材料):1. 作为加州居民申报个人所得税,税基包括加州以外的收入2. 加州驾照或身份证3. 在加州进行选民登记或参加选举4. 加州银行帐户5. 加州车辆登记和车辆保险卡6. 登记义务兵役7. 向加州政府申领社会福利8. 专业执业文件9. 住房协议、按月租房协议、租房合同或产权证明10. 与加州商业、宗教组织、俱乐部及健身房等的会员资格11. 你的财物转移到加州的证明,如货运单等12. 电话、煤气、电费或有线电视等的单据13. 在所有文件中以加州为你的永久居住地14. 雇佣证明15. 加州离婚证明16. 购房贷款17. 配偶、子女居住在加州18. 有加州银行的银行账号虽然没有在加州“不间断居住”的强制要求

但是在建立了加州居民身份后,如果这个学生离开了加州(如在放假期间),就必须证明他仍意图保持加州居民身份、他的主要居住地仍然为加州

如果学生不满18岁,他的加州居民身份可以由父母或监护人的居民身份衍生

如果已满18岁但不满19岁,一般来讲,学生及其父母或监护人都必须在加州居住满一年

一般来讲,未婚且不满18岁的未成年人的居住地由父母的居民身份衍生

如果你不满18岁,则你的居民地与你父母的居民地相同

这样,如果你是持非移民签证进入美国并且不满18岁,加州就不能成为你的法定居住地

你要等到满18岁才能以加州为法定居住地,并在你成为加州的成年居民一年以后才能享受本州学费

当然,如果你的父母能够被确定为加州居民,则你可由此衍生而作为加州居民享受本州学费

如果你有父母一方健在,就不能通过你自己的行为、指定法定监护人或父母放弃权利等方式改变法定居住地

如果你不与父母同住,你的居住地与最后一起居住的父亲或母亲居住地相同

如果你父母一方满足加州居民身份条件,则你可以得到衍生居民身份

注意:同“实际居住”一样,必须证明这个“意愿”已有一年以上

三、经济独立如果父母是加州居民,你在经济上不依赖父母,为享受加州居民学费,你还要证明你经济独立

经济独立的标准是:1. 在学期开始前的两个税务年度未被申报为受抚养人;2. 在经济上支持自己,即通过工作、以本人名义申请的商业或机构贷款、助学金及本人的收入存留等,自己负担自己的生活已经满两年

联合贷款、家长名义贷款、来自亲戚、朋友等的贷款或赠予等,无论条件、约定是什么都不包括在内

以“大学基金”、存款、信托基金或其他财务形式的、来自亲戚、朋友等的贷款或资金,如果这种财务形式是在这个学生14岁以后建立的,也不包括在内

在加州与亲戚朋友共同居住并由他们提供住宿,则不能算作经济独立

如果父母是加州居民且符合以上经济独立的标准,而你经济上依赖于父母的,那么你无需证明经济独立即可享受加州居民学费

另外,如果你符合下列情况之一,那么你也无需证明经济独立:1. 到本学年的12月31日满24岁2. 美国退伍军人3. 受法院监护或父母都去世4. 有其他(受你抚养的)受抚养人,配偶除外5. 为已婚、研究生或专业人士学生,并且在前一税务年度没有被你的配偶用来要求个人所得税减免6. 你是单身本科生,在前两年税务年度没有被你父母或其他人用来申请个人所得税减免,并且你在这两年中和这一申请年自己养活自己7. 是研究生或专业人士学生,超过一半的时间受雇于加州大学8. 父母是加州居民,你在加州成年,而后父母离开加州,而你仍然居住在加州加州大学系统也规定了一些例外情况,如符合条件的参军人员及其家属,又如非加州居民但是已经在加州完成三年中学学习并在加州毕业的学生

四、未成年人的例外情况有下列情况之一的未成年人可以申请加州居民学费:1. 父母一方在加州,你在18岁前搬到加州与这方父母居住2. 你父母是加州居民但搬到了别州,你留在加州并且在父母离开后一年内进入一个加州的公立中学学习3. 你自己在经济上支持自己,并在这个学期前在加州住满一年4. 你与一个成年人(不是父母)住在一起,并由其给予经济支持超过两年以上KNOW THE RULESCalifornia drivers license or a California ID card as soon as possible but within a few months of arriving in the state. The DMV has very specific rules; see their information for persons new to California. Operating a vehicle in California that is not owned by you still requires you to obtain a California drivers license and proof of California car insurance.Voter registration card or affidavit from Registrar of Voters. Contact Registrar of Voters, or check status and apply online.A copy of the first months bank account statement with a California bank, or a bank statement showing when address was changed to California and the June, July, and August bank statements, immediately prior to the quarter you petition.California car registration and car insurance card as soon as possible, but within a few months of arriving in the state. The DMV has very specific rules; see their information for persons new to California拖车价格表. Operating a vehicle in California that is not owned by you still requires you to obtain a California drivers license and proof of California car insurance.Federal and all state tax returns for the past year, or W2s only if you did not file in any state. Your residency will be questioned if, during the period you are claiming to be a California resident, you file a full-year resident tax return in another state or file a full-year nonresident California state tax return. If you filed a California Part-Year Resident return (Form 540NR), be sure to include your Schedule CA page (540NR). Black out all social security numbers on all tax documents. If you did not keep copies, call Franchise Tax Board for copies of state tax return and the IRS for your federal tax return at least 90 days before you submit your packet.Evidence of financial independence (you must meet ONE requirement). You:Budget WorksheetAre a single undergraduate under age 24 and were not claimed as a dependent for tax purposes by either nonresident parent or any other individual for the current and 2 tax years immediately preceding the quarter for which you request classification as a resident, and you can demonstrate self-sufficiency for the current and 2 preceding years. Single undergraduates under 24 must submit, for the applicable quarter a petition is being filed, a budget worksheet form. Use the applicable form and review the sample:Document all sources of income listed on the worksheet, and include your own and your parents prior 2 tax years of state and federal tax returns, orAre financially dependent on a California resident parent who meets the Universitys requirements for residence for tuition purposes (eligible to establish residence, one year physical presence showing intent to remain in the state); student would submit the 12 items for the parent(s) claiming to be农夫综合网 a resident(s) and for the student his/herself, orWill be at least 24 years old by Dec. 31 of the calendar year for which classification as a resident is requested (student would submit copy of drivers license), orAre a veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces, orAre a ward of the court or both parents are deceased, orHave a legal dependent(s), orAre a married student who was not claimed as an income tax deduction by either parent or any other individual for the tax year immediately preceding the term for which classification as a resident is requested, orAre a graduate or professional school student who was not claimed as an income tax deduction by either parent or any other individual for the tax year immediately preceding the term for which classification as a resident is requested (submit copies of parents federal and state tax returns for the prior tax year), orAre a graduate or professional school student who is employed at the University of California 49 percent or more time (or awarded the equivalent in University-administered funds) during the quarter for which classification as a resident is requested (submit letter from graduate department stating as such), orReached the age of majority (18) in California while your parents were residents of California, and they left the state to establish a residence elsewhere, and you continue to live in California after their departure.Proof of physical presence in California for the summer immediately prior to the change of classification request:Summer actions count! A students actions during the entire year, including the summer, affect the determination made regarding residence status for tuition purposes. A student who is in California solely for educational purposes is not eligible for California residence for tuition purposes regardless of the length of his or her stay.If a student returns to his or her former place of residence (outside California), he or she will be presumed to be in California solely for educational purposes and only strong evidence to the contrary will rebut this presumption.A student seeking to establish California residence who accepts employment or conducts research outside of California will be questioned regarding his or her attempts to find employment and/ or conduct research within California. Leaving the state for a unique research opportunity or for special circumstances (such as a medical emergency) may not preclude the student from being classified as a resident, but the burden will be on the student to provide convincing evidence that leaving the state was not inconsistent with his or her claim of permanent residence. See Residence for Tuition Purposes: Temporary Absences.Employment verification from California employer, or from your major department attesting to physical presence in the state, andEither bank or credit card statements, whichever one indicates dates/location activity on them for June, July, and August. If there are other names on the account in addition to the students, the only statements that can be provided must be in the students name only.If absent from the state, provide airline tickets.If on an out-of-state research appointment, provide a letter from your department endorsing your absence.Do not submit store receipts as proof of your physical presence.Copies of all your housing contracts, monthly rental agreements, lease or proof of property ownership for the past year, or verification in writing from property owner of housing agreement.Proof of credit and memberships with CA merchants, e.g. stores, supermarkets, video clubs, fitness clubs, public library, magazine subscriptions, and religious affiliations.Proof of your belongings moved into California such as a moving van bill of lading, U-Haul moving van receipts, etc.Proof of utilities in your name, e.g. phone, gas, electric, TV, cable, Internet, water, etc. Submit the first and the latest statements only.If you are a permanent resident through the INS, copy of your alien registration card.农夫综合网